تقنية

What is the Selenium Framework?

Automation testing with selenium

Code and data are organized differently in the Selenium automation framework, which makes code maintenance easier. Without frameworks, people might keep data and code in one location, which is not readable or reusable. Positive outcomes from using frameworks include increased code readability, reduced maintenance costs for scripts, increased portability, and greater code reuse.

 

For automation, why is the Selenium Framework recommended?

 

The breadth of testing has been greatly increased via automation testing, which ensures that users will have a flawless experience across a variety of browsers and devices. The use of Selenium automation testing has become essential in guaranteeing compatibility across browsers. Selenium is a prominent player in the market for software testing tools, serving both well-established companies and up-and-coming startups. In context, Selenium is used by over 57,000 organizations globally and commands a sizeable market share of 24.63% in software testing solutions. Although Selenium is mostly used by computer software and IT services companies, it is also useful in a variety of other industries, such as financial services, healthcare, staffing, and recruiting.

 

Different Selenium Framework Types

Selenium offers three main kinds of frameworks for automating human test cases.

 

Framework Driven by Data

The Automation testing with selenium tool imports external data sets, frequently kept in Excel sheets, for use in the data-driven architecture. It can be difficult to manually change these values in the script for each test when a lot of data sets are used as input for the test framework.

 

To solve this, the data sets are kept apart from the original script, which enables the script to obtain the required input from the Excel sheet containing the data set as needed. This split improves the durability of the framework by making script adjustments easier without affecting the data sets.

 

As a result, you can easily run a single test across all of the data sets that are present in the table without having to modify the code for each one separately.

 

Framework Driven by Keywords

The main functionality of the keyword-driven framework is defined by particular keywords that accept parameters and provide the relevant output. The script may contain repeating portions when a significant amount of functionality needs to be covered by the code. Keywords are used to abstract and reduce the code’s complexity in order to lessen this.

 

Within this architecture, procedures and actions are composed separately from the script and organized as keywords. These keywords are called from within the code and are kept in an external file, usually an Excel sheet. Testers can keep track of each feature independently using this method, which arranges the keywords neatly in a table.

 

You can change any one of these keywords without changing the others, giving you flexibility and simplicity in management.

 

Framework Driven by Hybrid

A combination of the data-driven and keyword-driven frameworks is represented by Selenium’s Hybrid Driven Framework. Many keywords and data types are used in this framework, and inputs and function lists are kept in separate files. It uses a single code for various data sets, just like the data-driven framework.

 

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